Best Observatory in the World – For those of you who really like the world of astronomy and want to explore it, you must be familiar with the term observatory. An observatory is a facility that is permanently placed in a certain place with the aim of making it easier to observe and research things related to outer space.
1. Greenwich Observatory, England
The Royal Observatory Greenwich is one of the best observatories owned by the UK. As written in the Britannica, the observatory was founded in 1675 by the King of England, Charles II.
At that time, this ancient observatory served as a place for observing star positions, navigation, timekeeping, and almanac (calendar) publications. During the 1997 financial crisis, there were cost cuts which resulted in the observatory closing in 1998.
Today, the Greenwich Observatory is open to the public and is included in one of the facilities in the National Maritime Museum. This space observation spot is frequented by astronomy-loving tourists from all over the world every year.
2. Paranal Observatory, Chile
If one day you travel to Chile, you can visit one of the world’s best observatories called The Paranal Observatory. This observatory was built quite magnificently and has advanced technology.
Astronomic Tourism on its website writes that this facility building was erected at an altitude of 2,630 meters above sea level. Inaugurated by the president of Chile in 1996 ago, the construction of this observatory has cost Rp. 3.3 trillion.
No kidding, this observatory is equipped with 4 VLT (Very Large Telescope) and 1 VLTI (Very Large Telescope Interferometer) unit. The advantage of this telescope is that it can see the expanse of bright objects in the sky evenly with high resolution so that celestial objects can be seen in detail.
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3. Mauna Kea Observatory, United States
The world’s best state-of-the-art observatory is located in Hawaii, United States. This astronomical research facility is located on an area of 525 hectares with a height of 4,205 meters above sea level.
This altitude was chosen because it is true that observations or observations of outer space will be maximized if they are carried out without light pollution. From the official website, obtained a lot of scientific research on astronomy. These observations have even been published in scientific journals in collaboration with NASA.
The observatory, which was built in 1901, has state-of-the-art facilities and equipment. NASA is actively helping to complete other technologies and equipment, such as telescopes and computers.
Then, several instruments donated by the US air force made the Mauna Kea Observatory one of the most complete and most advanced observatories in the world.